This is a 4 part series where we will be exploring the culture and background of the first century world that Yeshua and the early believers lived in. This world was very different from what we have been traditionally taught and by investigating the history, conflicts, politics, religions, and culture of this world, we will be able to better understand our New Testament. We will begin by looking at the intertestamental period (400BC-1BC) as a historical background for the first century, then move into looking at the Greco-Roman culture and its influence on Judaism and on the New Testament culture. Next we will spend two hours investigating the honor and shame culture that existed in all cultures in the first century and finish up this series by looking at each of the major sects in Judaism so that we can better understand who Yeshua was speaking to. Here is a breakdown of the subject of each part of this series:
- Part 1 - Intertestamental Period
- Part 2 - Greco-Roman Culture
- Part 3 - Honor and Shame
- Part 4 - Pharisees, Sadduccees, Essenes, and Other Sects
In those days Mattathias son of John son of Simeon, a priest of the family of Joarib, moved from Jerusalem and settled in Modein. He had five sons, John surnamed Gaddi, Simon called Thassi, Judas called Maccabeus, Eleazar called Avaran, and Jonathan called Apphus. He saw the blasphemies being committed in Judah and Jerusalem, and said, “Alas! Why was I born to see this, the ruin of my people, the ruin of the holy city, and to live there when it was given over to the enemy, the sanctuary given over to aliens? Her temple has become like a person without honor; her glorious vessels have been carried into exile. Her infants have been killed in her streets, her youths by the sword of the foe."